A sailboat is a vessel that moves forward primarily through wind power. A sailboat is smaller than a sailing yacht. A sailboat shares characteristics with both dinghies, (they are stable), and yachts, (they are stable and have a keel). A distinction is made between monohulls and multihulls (catamarans and trimarans). A sailboat is a type of sport boat. The sailboat is mainly used for recreational or sporting activities, or even occasionally for representative purposes.
The different kinds and types of sailboat and yachts can be distinguished by the hull shape and the rigging of the boat. Roughly speaking, the word 'rigging' is used to describe the masts, sails and ropes of a boat. The different types of sailboats are:
Kat-rigging (small sailboat with a mast behind the mainsail, no further sails), Sloop (sailboat with a single mast, mainsail, jib, optional spinnaker), Ketch (sailboat with two masts, a mainmast and a smaller mizzen-mast, the aft mounted; very popular for blue-water sailors) Yawl (very similar to the Ketch, has two masts, the mizzen mast and driver mast stands more aft), Schooner (sailboat with two masts, the forward mast is less than or equal to the posterior pole, sailboat with more than one mast are called Schooner), Gaff Schooner (have at least two masts, and are named after the gaff rig, their rigging), Cutter (a special feature of the cutter is the characteristic hull shape).
The sailboat moves through a combination of wind pressure in the sails, the air flow around the sail and the resistance opposing the hull under the water. Physically, there is combination of several forces acting on the sailboat, which means there is a need to adapt the sails to the wind to keep the course (sail trim).
Every sailboat can be equipped with a motor in order to bridge periods of calm or to manoeuvre around in the harbour. For a smaller sailboat, there is often an outboard engine, whereas a larger sailboat generally has a built in motor. To manoeuvre dinghies in these situations, paddles are used.
Traditionally, a sailboat is made out of wood, which is coated in a protective layer of paint. Since the mid-20th Century, mainly modern sailboat building materials such as fiberglass, carbon fibre reinforced plastics, steel or aluminium are used. Shrouds and stays, the so-called standing rigging, are today mostly made of stainless steel wires and the lines to operate the sails, the running rigging, are made out of synthetic fibres. Even the sailboat sails, formerly made out of linen or cotton, are now made of synthetic fibres or films.
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Whether you're looking for a small motor boat for weekend trips, for water skiing, a dinghy or a big, comfortable sailboat for longer journeys. In the boatoon.com Marketplace you can find what your heart desires. Do you have suggestions, requests or questions? Contact us any time at firstname.lastname@example.org